App Widgets tutorial: part 1

Here's how you can create an app widget...

appWidgets icon

App Widgets are mini apps that give users immediate access to important functions of an app.

We mostly use App Widgets to display important information about an app on a device’s Homescreen.

You can create your own app widgets. We’ll show you how.

Keep up with the fashion:  Using Styles and Themes in your apps

styleAndThems icon

Styles specify the look and feel of individual views, like text views and buttons.

Styles help you to:

  • have a consistent look and feel across your app
  • use less code because you define the style once and then use it over and over
  • easily update the look and feel of your app. All the styling code is in one place. Just edit the style and it will change the look and feel of all the views using that style

Themes are simply Styles applied to an app or to individual activities.

Android's progress bars

How to customise your Progress Bars

Android ProgressBar tutorial icon

Progress bars let the user know that the device is busy, for example, downloading a file. It can also show roughly how much longer the download will take.

Progress bars don’t always look the same on all devices.

We’ll show you how to customise your progress bars so that they look the same on all devices

Android: Using touch gestures

Signs and wonders: Using Gestures

Android gestures icon

Android touchscreen devices can sense when the user touches the screen. They can also record the movement of the user’s finger across the screen. These movements or strokes are also known as gestures.

You can store a collection of gestures in a file and then match the user’s gesture with those in the file.

Our tutorial app lets the user write their name on the screen using their finger. We then compare this gesture to our saved gestures and display the result in a text view.

Android image Spinner tutorial

In a flat spin: Showing images in a Spinner

Android Spinner spinners icon

Spinners display a list of selectable items.

When first displayed, the Spinner only shows the currently selected item. Touching the Spinner displays the full list of items that the user can choose from.

Our tutorial will show you how to use a Spinner to display a list of images that the user can choose from.

What! No XML? Creating layouts programmatically

Android layout programmatically code layout icon 

Our tutorial app

Our tutorial app creates a table containing text views, text fields and a button.

There is no XML layout file as we do everything programmatically.

A Toast message displays the input after the user has filled in the text fields and pressed the button.

Using Intents and Intent Filters in your apps: A tutorial

Android Intents and Intent Filters tutorial icon

Our tutorial app shows you how to use intents and intent filters in your apps.

Here’s a quick overview of what we’ll cover. We’ll show you how to:

  • use explicit intents to:
    • start a new activity
    • start an activity to get a result
    • start a service
    • broadcast an intent
    • start a new activity from within a broadcast receiver
  • use implicit intents to:
    • use other app’s components to:
      • send an email
      • pick a contact from the contacts list
      • make a phone call
  • use a pending intent to send a notification
  • use intent filters for:
    • a broadcast receiver
    • an activity

Intents and Intent Filters

Getting to know Intents and Intent Filters

Android Intents and Intent Filters icon

Intents are messages that you can pass around between your app components. You can also send them to components in other apps. This enables you to create powerful applications where you can use other app’s components to perform tasks for you, such as playing music, sending email, and taking pictures.

Here are some of the things that you can do with intents:

  • Start activities
  • Start Services
  • Deliver broadcasts

The Android System also uses intents to signal changes such as low battery, incoming sms messages and phone calls. You can listen for these intent messages in your apps.  You can also use intents to pass data.

All about repeating, I said repeating, Alarms

Android repeat alarm icon

You can use alarms to trigger events at any time even if your app is not running.

Alarms:

  • Enable you to trigger events at set times and/or intervals
  • Can be used together with receivers to start services and other operations
  • Operate outside of your app so they can trigger events even if your app is not running - even if the device is asleep
  • Help you to minimise your app’s resources. Let the alarm take care of it

Device sleeping on the job? Here’s how you can manage the device awake state

Android wakelocks icon 

You can schedule work to be done. Problem is, nothing will happen if the CPU is sleeping!

The solution is to use a wake lock to prevent the CPU from sleeping while it’s doing your work.

You may also want to keep the screen from turning off. Read on and we’ll show you how…